ICT AS A MODE OF EDUCATION
Information and Communication Technology (ICT) in education is the mode of education that uses information and communications technology to support, enhance, and optimize the delivery of information.
Worldwide research has shown that ICT can lead to improved student learning and better teaching methods. A report made by the National Institute of Multimedia Education in Japan proved that an increase in the use of ICT in education with integrating technology into the curriculum has a significant and positive impact on students’ achievements. The results specifically showed that the students who are continuously exposed to technology through education have better ‘knowledge’, presentation skills, innovative capabilities, and are ready to take more effort into learning as compared to their counterparts.
Introducing ICT into education is the answer for those who ask; ‘ how can we increase the reach of our institution, to a larger number of students?’.
Mobile learning (m ‐learning) as a form of e-learning is a rising trend where education has outgrown the physical constraints of the classrooms and acquired mobility. Students access information whenever and wherever they want, and institutions that provide such advanced technological terrains are rising in number day by day.
Various devices/technology in ICT include:
Access of course materials through remote devices,
Online digital repositories for lectures, course materials, and digital library,
Online/ cloud based academic management systems,
Employing the flipped classroom concept,
Making use of handheld computers, tablet computers, audio players, projector devices, etc.
Also, the rising number of Massive Open Online Courses(MOOCs) like the coursera, khan academy, and edx tells us that there is a huge demand for off-the-classroom learning facilities. The future of our institutions will depend on whether or not they can satisfy those needs.
Why measure ICT in education?
Policymakers accept that ICT in education can help the students to compete in the global economy by being part of a skilled workforce and facilitate social mobility by:
Enhancing learning experiences and providing new sets of skills,
Reaching more students with Massive Open Online Courses(MOOCs),
Facilitating the training of faculties,
Minimizing costs and saving time associated with information delivery and automating regular day-to-day tasks,
- Improving the administration of institutions to enhance the quality and efficiency of service delivery.